I've been studying French for quite a while now, and yet I still have trouble! I was wondering if any fluent speaker could help me with some of these, of which I only have a basic understanding:
I understand that these can be quite difficult to explain, but I would really appreciate the help.
du = some; for masculine nouns
du pain = some bread (or just bread, quite nuanced)
de la = some; for feminine noun
de la tarte = some pie (or piece of pie, find out with context)
de = some; for words with an apostrophe pronounce "l'"
de l'or = some gold, de l'eau = some water (both genders: or is masculine, eau is feminine.)
des = some; plural
des batons = some staves
elle = she
il = he
both il and elle are nominative.
le = masculine demonstrative pronoun, when talking about a particuliar thing.
"le chien" is one specific chien, as oppposed to "un chien"
la = feminine demonstrative pronoun
"la ferme" a specific ferme, as opposed to "une ferme" which is just a random ferme.
both are accusative
lui = Him